Circumcision ( butende ) is a very important and essential event among the Bembe. It gave rise to great ceremonies.
Pol Pierre Gossiaux, specialist in this region of eastern Congo, comments (in Masks in Congo) on a similar mask which was used to frighten: "the alternation in particular of the colors .........., signaled the dangerous character of those who wore it, sacred and monstrous embryos
The Bembe are established in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo, north of Lake Tanganyika. (Not to be confused with the Beembe who are sometimes also spelled Bembe and who are a people of the Kongo group)
They consider themselves as the descendants of the Lega to whom they are culturally close. Thus, the Bwamè of the Bembe has many points in common with the Bwami of the Lega. At the same time, there are other secret associations like theElundaand theAlunga,whose helm mask is well known to art lovers in the Congo.
- The Bwameof the Babembe Leopard(Kivu-Congo), Pol-Pierre Gossiaux, ULG 2000-2006
- Masks in Congo, Viviane Baeke, Baeke, Arthur Bourgeois, Kellim Brown, David Binkley, Rik Ceyssens, Marc Leo Felix, Pol Pierre Gossiaux, Manuel Jordanl, Constantin Petridis, Zoë Stroher, Julien Volper, Pan Yanqin. Edition Marc Leo Felix, 2016
- 100 peoples of Zaire and their sculpture. The handbook for collectors, scholars and students, Mar Leo Felix, Brussels: Zaire Basin Art History Research Foundation, 1987 Page 33
- "Masks of Africa",William Fagg, Fernand Nathan, 1980 - Persona. Masks from Africa. Hidden and Revealed Identities, Anne-Marie Bouttiaux Editions 5 Continents & RMCA (Tervuren Museum)
Rare circumcision maskEluba ya butende
The circumcision ( butende ) is a very important and indispensable event for the Bembe. It gives rise to great ceremonies.
Pol Pierre Gossiaux, a specialist in this region of eastern Congo, comments on a similar mask that was used to frighten: "notably the alternation of the colors .... ......, signaled the dangerous nature of those who wore it, sacred and monstrous embryos"
The Bembe are based in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, north of Lake Tanganyika.(Do not confuse them with the Beembe who sometimes also spell Bembe and who are a people of the Kongo group)
They see themselves as the descendants of the Lega of which they are culturally close.The Bwamé of the Bembe has much in common with the Bwami of the Lega At the same time, they have other secret associations such as Elunda and Alunga, whose mask helmets are well known by Congo art lovers.